... deployed five pricing models over its 26-year history:
- Server Model-based – used prior to October 1993.
The license fees were based on the model of an organization’s IBM AS/400 server. This pricing model made no reference to users. In other words, the end-user would license the capacity of the server and they could have as many users as the server could host.
- Concurrent User-based – used between November 1993 and November 1996.
The model included a list of products for a specified number of users and these users were considered concurrent. Both World and OneWorld products were listed in software license agreements.
- Suite-based – used between November 1993 and February 2002.
Organizations with existing contracts using suite-based pricing were able to purchase licenses for additional products and users using this same model until February 2004.
The software license fees were based on two components:
- A group of products (the “suite”)
- User fees – software license agreements contain several different user types, which will be explained below.
- Solution-based – originally launched in February 2002, solution pricing was the last pricing model used by JD Edwards.
This model was enhanced in 2004 and formed the basis for PeopleSoft’s solution pricing model. Solution software licenses are similar to Suite-based licenses, but products are defined on a more granular level. For example, if the Financial Suite was made up of Accounts Payables, Accounts Receivables, General Ledger etc. end-users could buy only some of these components separately under the solution based model.
- Enterprise Licensing – allows for an unlimited number of users. Individual products are purchased as required by the end-user.
The following types of user licenses (metrics) were used for World and EnterpriseOne in conjunction with Suite and Solution based pricing:
Concurrent users are “Full Use” users. Full Use meaning that a user is allowed to access and use all products, modules and features and the number of concurrent user licenses required is determined by the maximum amount of users that at a certain moment in time, at the same time, access the JDE software.
Named users are “Full Use” users. A Named user license belongs to a specific individual. One license equals one user.
Moderate User licenses allow usage of limited functionality only. A Moderate User license belongs to a specific individual. One license equals one user.
Inquiry or casual user
Inquiry users by definition aren’t allowed to perform transactions. An Inquiry User license belongs to a specific individual. One license equals one user.