The potential offered by Microsoft 365 and Windows 10 is only the most recent stage in the evolution of Windows. Since 1980, new versions of the operating system have transformed everyday business processes. From the earliest operating systems to the arrival of the cloud and the shift away from the traditional desktop, Microsoft has been at the forefront of digital transformation for nearly 40 years.
Each new development in the Windows operating system has been a vital step in the process that led to the creation of Windows 10. Here’s a look at some of these most important changes.
1. The First Operating Systems
The first operating system, MS-DOS, was released in 1980. It was the first platform that bridged the gap between software and hardware.
Initially, it used a series of typable commands to operate, but was soon replaced by Windows 1, which introduced the mouse as an easier alternative. This version was called Windows, after the name for the interactive boxes through which users navigated applications. Subsequent features like desktop icons, keyboard shortcuts and support for Microsoft Word and Excel appeared in the following versions, Microsoft 2 and 3 editions.
The first operating systems focused on allowing companies to use computing technology as a genuine business tool. Where previous computers had complex technical interfaces, the first Windows were designed to make them accessible to everyday businesses, initiating the first wave of digital transformation for business.
2. The Arrival of the Internet
By the time Microsoft’s fifth operating system, Windows 95, was due to be launched, the technological landscape for businesses had shifted. By now most companies had adopted the technology that the early platforms helped usher in, but the internet was about to drastically change things.
Windows 95 was easily Microsoft’s most successful release yet, selling a record-breaking 7 million copies in the first five weeks. It was the operating system that updated business for an ever-changing world of email, fax and the internet. Before long, almost every company was connected to the internet – and most of them were also using Windows 95.
3. A redesign for the 21st Century
Windows 7, which followed over thirteen years later in 2009 was as popular as Windows 95 before it. The internet, now enjoying widespread business adoption, had initiated the same changes that have led to Windows 10 and cloud computing today. The personal desktop was gradually being replaced by more portable devices; people used multiple devices to interact with technology and touch screen technology was just starting to develop.
Windows 7 was the platform that first started to introduce businesses to the potential that these changes offered. It offered a simple interface that interacted better with third party devices than its earlier alternatives and laid the roots for the cloud-based digital infrastructures, including Windows 10 that is now transforming the market once again.